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What is Factory ? Explain Its Important Provisions & Objectives.

What is Factory ? Explain Its Important Provisions & Objectives  

Answer :-  Before Independence , India has several different acts to deal with Industrial establishment, With View to Obtain the Uniform regulatory consolidation As well as with another big step of safety , welfare & Health of the Workers , The Factories Act Amended in 1948. 

  • Applicability : This Act extends to Whole of India Including Jammu & Kashmir 
  • Process : It This Act Covers All Manufacturing Processes. 
  • Facilities : This Act deals with - Mainly Working Conditions of Factories & Ensure the Facilities which required on Standard Basis for Workers. 
  • Workers : Adult Workers , Child Workers, Women Workers of the Establishments have certain Rights Regarding - Working Hours Calculations , Leave , Holidays, Overtime & Other Safety Measures.
  • Hazardous Substances : While Dealing with All the Points - Government has specified Mainly About Hazardous Substances & Also Set up the Procedure to Deal with It. 
    • According to Section 2(M) of the Factory Act - 1948 - 
      • Factory Means :- "Any Premises or Precincts of Premises -
        • Where 10 or More Workers are working (With Supply of Power)
          • Workers Worked on Any Day From Last 12 Months 
          • Where Manufacturing Process has been Carried on.
            • Or 
        • Where 20 or More Workers are working (Without Supply of Power)
          • Workers Worked on Any Day From Last 12 Months 
          • Where Manufacturing Process has been Carried on.
      • But Factory Does Not Includes :- 
        • Mines Works
        • Air Forces Unit 
        • Railway Units 
        • Hotel 
        • Restaurant (Except Food Factory)
  • What is Precincts ? 
    • the area within the walls or perceived boundaries of a particular building or place.

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